Art and Handicrafts
Visual arts of Cambodia

The history of visual arts in Cambodia stretches back centuries to ancient crafts. Traditional Cambodian arts and crafts include textilesnon-textile weavingsilversmithingstone carvinglacquerwareceramicswat murals, and kite-making. Beginning in the mid-20th century, a tradition of modern art began in Cambodia, though in the later 20th century both traditional and modern arts declined for several reasons, including the killing of artists by theKhmer Rouge. The country has experienced a recent artistic revival due to increased support from governments, NGOs, and foreign tourists.
History of Cambodian Art and Handcraft

The history of Cambodian art stretches back centuries to ancient potterysilk weaving, andstone carving. The height of Khmer art occurred during the Angkor period; much of the era's stone carving and architecture survives to the present. In pre-colonial Cambodia, art and crafts were generally produced either by rural non-specialists for practical use or by skilled artists producing works for the Royal Palace. In modern Cambodia, many artistic traditions entered a period of decline or even ceased to be practiced, but the country has experienced a recent artistic revival as the tourist market has increased and governments and NGOs have contributed to the preservation of Cambodian culture.

Silk weaving
 in Cambodia has a long history. The practice dates to as early as the first century, and textiles were used in trade during Angkorian times. Even modern textile production evidences these historic antecedents: motifs found on silk today often echo clothing details on ancient stone sculptures.
There are two main types of Cambodian weaving. The ikat technique (Khmer: chong kiet), which produces patterned fabric, is quite complex. To create patterns, weavers tie and dye portions of weft yarn before weaving begins. Patterns are diverse and vary by region; common motifs include lattice, stars, and spots.
The second weaving technique, unique to Cambodia, is called "uneven twill". It yields single or two-color fabrics, which are produced by weaving three threads so that the "color of one thread dominates on one side of the fabric, while the two others determine the colour on the reverse side." Traditionally, Cambodian textiles have employed natural dyes. Red dye comes from lac insect nests, blue dye from indigo, yellow and green dye from prohut bark, and black dye from ebony bark.
Cambodia's modern silk-weaving centers areTakeoBattambangBeanteay MeancheySiem Reap and Kampot provinces. Silk-weaving has seen a major revival recently, with production doubling over the past ten years. This has provided employment for many rural women. Cambodian silk is generally sold domestically, where it is used insampot (wrap skirts), furnishings, and pidan (pictoral tapestries), but interest in international trade is increasing.
Cotton textiles have also played a significant role in Cambodian culture. Though today Cambodia imports most of its cotton, traditionally woven cotton remains popular. Rural women often weave homemade cotton fabric, which is used in garments and for household purposes. Krama, the traditional check scarves worn almost universally by Cambodians, are made of cotton

Non-textile weaving

Many Cambodian farmers weave baskets (Khmer: tbanh kantrak) for household use or as a supplemental source of income. Most baskets are many of thinly cut bamboo. Regions known for basketry include Siem Reap and Kampong Cham. Mat weaving (tbanh kantuel) is a common seasonal occupation. They are most commonly made from reeds, either left a natural tan color or dyed in deep jewel tones. The region of Cambodia best-known for mat weaving is the Mekong floodplain, especially around Lvea Em district. Mats are commonly laid out for guests and are important building materials for homes. Wicker and rattan crafts (tbanh kanchoeu) made from dryandra trees are also significant. Common wicker and rattan products include walls, mats, furniture, and other household items.

Stone carving

Cambodia's best-known stone carving adorns the temples of Angkor, which are "renowned for the scale, richness and detail of their sculpture". In modern times, however, the art of stone carving became rare, largely because older sculptures survived undamaged for centuries (eliminating the need for replacements) and because of the use of cement molds for modern temple architecture. By the 1970s and 1980s, the craft of stone carving was nearly lost. 
During the late 20th century, however, efforts to restore Angkor resulted in a new demand for skilled stone carvers to replace missing or damaged pieces, and a new tradition of stone carving is arising to meet this need. Most modern carving is traditional-style, but some carvers are experimenting with contemporary designs. Interest is also renewing for using stone carving in modern wats. Modern carvings are typically made from Banteay Meanchey sandstone, though stone from Pursat and Kompong Thom is also used.

The height of Cambodian traditional lacquerwarewas between the 12th and 16th centuries; some examples of work from this era, including gilded Buddha images and betel boxes, have survived to the present day. Lacquerware was traditionally colored black using burnt wood, representing the underworld; red using mercury, representing the earth; and yellow using arsenic, representing the heavens. Lacquer on Angkorian stone dates to the 15th or 16 century.
In modern Cambodia, the art of lacquerwork nearly faded into oblivion: few lacquer trees survived, and lacquer was unavailable in local markets. Today's revival is still in its infancy, but 100 lacquer artists have been trained by a French expert under the guidance of Artisans d'Angkor, a company that produces traditional crafts in village workshops. Some artists are "beginning to experiment with different techniques and produce modern and striking effects."

 in Cambodia dates back centuries. The Royal Palace traditionally patronized silversmiths' workshops, and silversmiths remain concentrated at Kompong Luong, near the former royal capital Oudong. Silver was made into a variety of items, including weaponry, coins, ceremonial objects used in funerary and religious rituals, and betel boxes. During Cambodia's colonial period, artisans at the School of Fine Art produced celebrated silverwork, and by the late 1930s there were more than 600 silversmiths. Today, silverwork is popular for boxes, jewellery, and souvenir items; these are often adorned with fruit, fire, and Angkor-inspired motifs. Men produce most of the forms for such work, but women often complete the intricate filigree.

Cambodian pottery traditions date to 5000 BCE. Ceramics were mostly used for domestic purposes such as holding food and water. There is no evidence that Khmer ceramics were ever exported, though ceramics were imported from elsewhere in Asia beginning in the 10th century. Ceramics in the shape of birds, elephants, rabbits, and other animals were popular between the 11th and 13th centuries.
Potting traditionally was done either on a pottery wheel or using shaping tools such as paddles and anvils. Firing was done in clay kilns, which could reach temperatures of 1,000–1,200 °C, or in the open air, at temperatures of around 700 °C. Primarily green and brown glazes were used. In rural Cambodia, traditional pottery methods remained. Many pieces are hand-turned and fired on an open fire without glaze. The country's major center for pottery is Kompong Chhnang Province.
In modern Cambodia, the art of glazed ceramics faded into oblivion: the technique of stoneware stop to be used around 14th century, at the end of Angkor era. Today this technique begin a slow revival through a Belgian ceramist who founded the Khmer Ceramics Revival Center, in Siem Reap, the organization lead vocational training and researches about this lost skill.
Wat murals

Portion of a 1903–1904 mural in Phnom Penh's Silver Pagoda
Because of destruction during recent war, few historic wat murals remain in Cambodia. In the 1960s, art historians Guy and Jacqueline Nafilyan photographed 19th-century murals, providing a record of this lost cultural heritage. The best known surviving murals are at the Silver Pagoda in Phnom Penh, Wat Rajabo in Siem Reap province, and Wat Kompong Tralach Leu in Kompong Chhnang Province. In the last decade, wat murals have seen a resurgence, but Cambodia's surviving older murals are generally more refined and detailed.
Also, a Stegosaurus is depicted in a little picture on the Angkor Wat. There has been speculation about Stegosaurus being known in Cambodian mythology. According to one story, Vishnu actually fought a creature that is said to have a spiked tail, plates on its back, an elephant shaped body, and a little head when it was attacking a little village. Stegosaurus seems to fit this description, but dinosaurs went extinct millions of years ago, suggesting that Vishnu actually fought a surviving Stegosaurus from the Jurassic period. Most people discount this information as a fake, as some people believe that Vishnu may have actually fought a weird-looking serpent.


Tour Code:CTC-001
Destination: Angkor Thom (South Gate, Bayon, Baphuon) - Angkor Wat - sunrise in Angkor Wat - Banteay Kdei - Ta Prohm - Preah Khan - Neak Pean - Ta Som - Eastern Mebon - Pre Rup - Tonle Sap Lake Flooded Forest - Floating Village - Artisans d'Angkor
Duration: 3 days, 2 nights
This tour covers the absolute "must see" highlights of Angkor on the "small" and "grand" circuit, including a boat trip on Tonle Sap Lake. If you don't have more time, this is certainly the best choise. Sunrise in Angkor Wat. Balloon ride (optional). Transportation by REMORK gives this tour more atmosphere (and keeps the prices down).
Tour Code:CTC-002
Destination: Angkor Thom (Bayon, Baphuon) - Angkor Wat - sunrise - Banteay Kdei - Ta Prohm - Preah Khan - Neak Pean - Ta Som - Eastern Mebon - Pre Rup - Banteay Srei - Kobal Spean (River of Thousand Lingams) - Tonle Sap Lake Flooded Forest - Floating village.
Duration: 4 days, 3 nights
This is our basic tour including the most important temples in Angkor and the Tonle Sap Lake.
Battambang City & Country side Tour
Tour Code:BCT-1
Destination: Battambang Historical Museum - Preah Bat Dambang Kranhoung (Kra Nhoung Stick King) - Cambodian Noodle, bamboo sticky rice - Phsar Prohok (Fish Paste) - Cambodian Rice Wine - The rice paper village - Wat Samrung Khnong - Wat Ek Phnom temple.
Duration: Half Day Tour (Morning: 8:30am - 12:30 noon and Afternoon: 14:30 - 18:30)
Battambang located in northwestern of Cambodia, the second most popular city in the country after Phnom Penh. The provincial capital has always been a popular destination to visit such as Battambang Historical Museum - Preah Bat Dambang Kra Nhoung (Kra Nhoung Stick King) continue to meet the villagers who make traditional products such as rice paper, bamboo sticky rice, fish paste and rice wine. Visit a memorial site for the victims of the Khmer Rouge in Samroung Khnong pagoda and finish by visiting Wat Ek Phnom temple.
Battambang Bamboo Train
Tour Code:BTB 01
Destination: Ancient House - Bamboo Train ride - Phnom Banan Temple - Sampeou Mountain
Duration: one day tour: 8:30 - 18:30
This one day tour is not included the accommodation, visit, in the morning, some old house along river Steung Sangke prior to Wat Phnom Banan temple - New Bamboo train (now available at Phnom Banan). Afternoon visit Phnom Sampeu ...... , the best spot when the bats fly out of the caves at around 6pm.
Tour Code:CTC-003
Destination: Roluos Group (Lolei, Preah Ko and Bakong temples) - Angkor Thom - Angkor Wat - sunrise - Banteay Kdei - Ta Prohm - Preah Khan - Neak Pean - Ta Som - Eastern Mebon - Pre Rup - Banteay Srei - Kobal Spean (River of Thousand Lingams) - Tonle Sap Lake Flooded Forest - Floating Village - Koh Ker - Beng Mealea
Duration: 5 days / 4 nights
This is a great deal when you really want to go deeper to Angkor's civilization: In addition to our basic program "Angkor Discovery", you also explore the greater Angkor region! We highly recommend this tour as it gives you the complete overview of the Angkorian landscape, including temple areas that have just recently been opened for tourists!
Tour Code:CTCPS-001
Destination: Phnom Penh to Siem Reap - return trip
Duration: 2 DAYS 1 Night
Depart from Capitol Tours Office by air-conditioned bus (45 seats) at 6:30AM from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap join with other passengers without tour guide, tour guide and driver are waiting for you at Capitol Bus station in Siem Reap. Arrive Siem Reap 13:30, transfer to the hotel or guesthouse. Visit South gate of Angkor Thom - Bayon - the Elephant terrace & the terrace of leper king - Taprom temples - Angkor Wat.Take the bus from Siem Reap going back to Phnom Penh (the departure time can be chosen). Finish tour at Capitol Tour Office in Phnom Penh.
Tour Code:CTC C:01
Destination: Ox cart riding - rice fields - village life – Mechrey Floating Village, on Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia.
Duration: Duration: 4 hours
This is the perfect extension of your Angkor experience. Come with us to the countryside, where life seems to have stood still since Angkorian times.
Tour Code:CTC-004
Destination: Angkor Temples with Banteay Srei - Overland trip - Phnom Penh
Duration: 6 days, 5 nights
All highlights of Cambodia in one tour: Angkor Temples, Tonle Sap Lake, overland tour to Phnom Penh, discovery of the capital with many special extras. --- Angkor Thom (South Gate, Bayon, Baphuon), Angkor Wat, sunrise in Angkor Wat, Srah Srang, Banteay Kdei, Ta Prohm, Preah Khan, Neak Pean, Ta Som, Eastern Mebon, Pre Rup, Banteay Srei, Banteay Samre. Tonle Sap Lake with boat trip to floating village. Apsara dance show with dinner buffet. Overland trip from Siem Reap to Phnom Penh. Wat Phnom, National Museum, Royal Palace, Silver Pagoda, Tuol Sleng Museum, sunset cruise on Mekong river. Tour starts in Siem Reap and ends in Phnom Penh.
Tour Code:CTCPS-002
Destination: Phnom Penh to Siem Reap - return trip
Duration: 3 days 2 nights
Depart from Capitol Tour Office by air-conditioned bus at 7:30AM/8:30AM/10:15AM/12:00noon/1:30PM/2:30PM from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap. Arrival at 13:30/14:30/16:15/18:00/19:30/20:30.Transfer to the hotel or guesthouse. Visit the South gate of Angkor Thom, Bayon, Baphoun, Phimeanakas, The Elephant of terrace & Leper king terrace,Tapromh temples. Visit the Angkor Wat and the handicraft producing shop.Take the bus back to Phnom Penh (the departure time can be chosen). Finish tour at Capitol Tour Office in Phnom Penh.
Tour Code:CTCPS-003
Destination: Phnom Penh to Siem Reap - return trip
Duration: 4 Days 3 Nights
Depart from Capitol Tour Office by A/C bus from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap.Transfer to the hotel or guesthouse. Visit Basei Cham Krong - South gate of Angkor Thom - Bayon - Baphoun - Phimeanakas - the Elephant terrace & Leper king terrace.Visit the Angkor Wat and the handicraft producing shop.Visit Kravan - Banteay Kdei and Sra Srong - Taphrom - Takeo -Thommanon and Chao Say Teveda temples.Visit Preah Khan - Neak Pean - Tasom - East Mebon and Prerup.Take the bus back going back to Phnom Penh (the Departure time can be chosen). Finish tour at Capitol Tour Office in Phnom Penh.
Tour Code:CTC-PT-01
Destination: Prek Toal - flooded forest - Back to hotel
Duration: 1 day
Feel like in a Hitch cock's Movie - in the Birdwatcher`s Paradise! Your visit of Siem Reap /Angkor would be incomplete without visiting the greatest fresh water reservoir with the highest biodiversity in the world! Enjoy a environmental discovery with small boats to see thousands of birds in the flooded forest of Tonle Sap Lake.
Tour Code:CTC-PV-01
Destination: Preah Vihear Temple
Duration: 1 day
Don't miss to see Cambodia's second UNESCO world heritage: the magnificent mountain temple of Preah Vihear, spectacularly placed in the Dangrek mountains close to the Thai border.
Tour Code:CTC-KP-01
Destination: Floating Village Kampong Phluk
Duration: Half day Tour (Morning: 8:30am - 13:00 and Afternoon: 14:00 - 18:30)
Kompong Phluk is a commune and village in Siem Reap Province in northern-central Cambodia. It is a floating village on the Tonle Sap. The village has a school and monastery, where prayers were taking place.
Angkor Sunrise
Tour Code:CTC AK01
Destination: Angkor Wat - South Gate of Angkor Thom - Bayon - Ta Prohm
Duration: Half day Tour 5:00 am - 13:00
Enjoy the fantastic sunrise in Angkor Wat continue to visit Angkor Thom (The south gate of Angkor Thom - Bayon Temple - Elephant terrace & Leper king terrace) and Ta Phrom temple.
Tour Code:CTC-SPK-01
Destination: Sambor Prei Kuk Temples
Duration: 1 day
Sambor Prei Kuk is an archaeological site in Cambodia located in Kampong Thom Province, 30 km north of Kampong Thom, the provincial capital, 176 km east of Angkor and 206 km north of Phnom Penh. Designated as world heritage site: 2017 (41st session)
Tour Code:CTC-Roluos-01
Destination: Lolei - Preah Ko - Bakong - Prasat Prei Monti
Duration: 4 hours
Discover the Roluos Group, where the first temple mountain in Angkor region was built: the Bakong temple. Enjoy your discovery by REMORK.
Tour Code:CTC-KKBM-01
Destination: Koh Ker, Beng Meala
Duration: 1 day
Precious temple areas far away from the tourist flows! Fell like the first exporers! The ancient capital Koh Ker with its fantastic temple pyramid and Beng Mealea, still overgrown by jungle, have just been opened for tourists!
Tour Code:CTCSR-001
Destination: Angkor National museum - Wood and Stone Carving Center - the Old Market - central Market - Killing Field - South Gate of the Angkor Thom - Central Angkor Thom (Bayon - Baphoun - Terrace of Elephant - Terrace of Leperking) - Chau Say Tevoda - Takoa - Ta Prom, Banteay Kdey - Srah Srang, Prasat Kravan and the World Heritage Angkor Wat - sunrise at Angkor Wat - grand circut (Preah Khan, Neak Pean -Tasom - East Mebon - Pre Rup) - sunset at Bakheng mountain - Banteay Srey - Banteay Samré - Rolous Group (Bakong - Preah Ko - and Lo Lei) - Tonle Sap lake (Floating Village)
Duration: 5 Days, 4 nights
This tour covers the absolute "must-see highlights" of Angkor complex on the "small" and "grand" circuits, Banteay Srei temple, Roluos group including a boat trip on Tonle Sap Lake.This is certainly the best choice. Sunrise in Angkor Wat. Balloon ride (optional). Transportation by REMORK gives this tour a local friendly, atmospheric experience (and with lower prices comparing with car).
Tour Code:CTC-D1
Destination: Angkor Thom - Ta Prohm - Angkor Wat - Phnom Bakheng
Duration: 1 Day
Tour will start at 8:30am - 18:30 visit Angkor Thom (South Gate, Bayon, Baphuon) - Ta Prohm - Angkor Wat included sunset at Phnom Bakheng.
Tour Code:CTC-D2
Destination: Banteay Srey - Grand Tour
Duration: 1 Day
Banteay Srey - Grand Tour (Pre Rup - East Mebon - Ta Som - Neak Pean - Preah Khan)
Tour Code:CTC - D3
Destination: Wat Thmey - Artisans'School - Northern Tonle Sap Lake - Chong Kneas village
Duration: Half Day
Wat Thmey - Artisans'School - Tonle Sap Lake - Chong Kneas village (visiting the greatest freshwater reservoir with the highest biodiversity in the world. Enjoy a beautiful boat trip on the Tonle Sap Lake and learn all about the floating villages, fishing techniques and traditional life with and on the water ...)
Tour Code:CTC-BC-01
Destination: Siem Reap - Banteay Chhmar
Duration: 1 day
Feel like the first explorers and see face towers in the forest, reliefs of thousand armend Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara and be one of the only guests to visit this "lost temple city". A unique experience!
Tour Code:CPTC PSP001
Destination: Phnom Penh city tour:Wat Phnom - National Museum - Royal Palace & Silver Pagoda - Tuol Sleng Museum - sunset cruise on Mekong river). Tonle Sap Lake - Angkor Temples: Angkor Thom (South gate of Angkor Thom, Bapuon temple) - Taphrom - Banteay Srei - Angkor Wat temple.
Duration: 5days 4nights
Phnom Penh city tour (Wat Phnom, National Museum, Royal Palace, Silver Pagoda, Tuol Sleng Museum, sunset cruise on Mekong river) - Overland trip from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap. Angkor Temples, Tonle Sap Lake, Angkor Thom (South gate of Angkor Thom - Bapuon temple) - Taphrom - Banteay Srei - Angkor Wat - overland trip from Siem Reap to Phnom Peng.Finish tour at Phnom Penh airport.
Tour Code:CPTCT001
Destination: Choeung Ek (Killing Field) - Tuol Tom Poung Market (Russian Market) - Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum - National Museum - Royal Palace - What Phnom, Independent Monument.
Duration: 1 DAY (every day 8:30am - 5pm)
* Morning: visit Choeung Ek (Killing Field) -Tuol Tom Poung Market (Russian Market) and Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum. * Afternoon: visit National Museum - Royal Palace, What Phnom and Independent Monument.
Tour Code:CTCSR-002
Destination: Small Tour (Angkor Thom – Bayon – Ta Prohm – Angkor Wat – Bakheng) - Tonle Sap Lake
Duration: 2 days 1 night
This tour covers the absolute "must see" highlights of Angkor on the "small" circuit and including a boat trip on Tonle Sap Lake visit floating village of Chong Kneas and visit the fish farm and the crocodile farm. Balloon ride (optional). Transportation by REMORK gives this tour more atmospheres (and keeps the prices down).
Tour Code:SB1
Destination: SIEM REAP-BATTAMBANG by Capitol Tours air-conditioned sharing bus
Duration: 2 days 1 night
Visit Banan – Phnom Sampeuv Mountain – Bamboo train ride – Ancient house.
Tour Code:CTCSB-02
Destination: Sambor Preikuk temple
Duration: 2 days 1 night
The pre-Angkorian temple complex of Sambor Prei Kuk is located about 30 kilometers to the north of the town of Kampong Thom, Cambodia. It was also known as Isanapura, and was the capital of the Chenla Kingdom