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Angkor Wat Temple

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Angkor Wat (Khmer: អង្គរវ�?្�?) is a Hindu temple complex at Angkor, Cambodia, built for the king Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and part of his capital city. As the best-preserved temple at the site, it is the only one to have remained a significant religious centre since its foundation — first Hindu, dedicated to the god Vishnu, then Buddhist. The temple is at the top of the high classical style of Khmer architecture. It has become a symbol of Cambodia, appearing on its national flag, and it is the country's prime attraction for visitors.
Angkor Wat combines two basic plans of Khmer temple architecture: the temple mountain and the later galleried temple, based on early South Indian Hindu architecture, with key features such as the Jagati. It is designed to represent Mount Meru, home of the devas in Hindu mythology: within a moat and an outer wall 3.6 kilometres (2.2 mi) long are three rectangular galleries, each raised above the next. At the centre of the temple stands a quincunx of towers. Unlike most Angkorian temples, Angkor Wat is oriented to the west; scholars are divided as to the significance of this. The temple is admired for the grandeur and harmony of the architecture, its extensive bas-reliefs and for the numerous devatas (guardian spirits) adorning its walls.
The modern name, Angkor Wat, means "City Temple"; Angkor is a vernacular form of the word នគរ nokor which comes from the Sanskrit word नगर nagara meaning capital or city. Wat is the Khmer word for temple. Prior to this time the temple was known as Preah Pisnulok, after the posthumous title of its founder, Suryavarman II

History

Angkor Wat lies 5.5 km north of the modern town of Siem Reap, and a short distance south and slightly east of the previous capital, which was centred on the Baphuon. It is in an area of Cambodia where there is an important group of ancient structures. It is the southernmost of Angkor's main sites.
The initial design and construction of the temple took place in the first half of the 12th century, during the reign of Suryavarman II (ruled 1113 – c. 1150). Dedicated to Vishnu, it was built as the king's state temple and part of his capital city, which itself was seventeen times bigger than Manhattan Island. As neither the foundation stela nor any contemporary inscriptions referring to the temple have been found, its original name is unknown, but it may have been known as Vrah Vishnulok after the presiding deity. Work seems to have ended shortly after the king's death, leaving some of the bas-relief decoration unfinished. In 1177, approximately 27 years after the death of Suryavarman II, Angkor was sacked by the Chams, the traditional enemies of the Khmer. Thereafter the empire was restored by a new king, Jayavarman VII, who established a new capital and state temple (Angkor Thom and the Bayon respectively) a few kilometres to the north.
In the late 13th century, King Jayavarman VIII, who was Hindu, was deposed by his son in law, Srindravarman. Srindravarman had spent the previous 10 years in Sri Lanka becoming ordained as a Buddhist monk. Hence, the new King decided to convert the official religion of the empire from Hindu to Buddhist. Since Buddha was born and died a Hindu and since divisions between both the faiths appeared seamless, citizens were quick to follow a faith founded on tranquility without a need for material gain and power. This made the conversion relatively easy.[3] Hence, Angkor Wat was converted from Hindu to Theravada Buddhist use, which continues to the present day. Angkor Wat is unusual among the Angkor temples in that although it was somewhat neglected after the 16th century it was never completely abandoned, its preservation being due in part to the fact that its moat also provided some protection from encroachment by the jungle.
One of the first Western visitors to the temple was Antonio da Magdalena, a Portuguese monk who visited in 1586 and said that it "is of such extraordinary construction that it is not possible to describe it with a pen, particularly since it is like no other building in the world. It has towers and decorations and all the refinements which the human genius can conceive of". However, the temple was popularised in the West only in the mid-19th century on the publication of Henri Mouhot's travel notes. The French explorer wrote of it:
"One of these temples—a rival to that of Solomon, and erected by some ancient Michelangelo—might take an honourable place beside our most beautiful buildings. It is grander than anything left to us by Greece or Rome, and presents a sad contrast to the state of barbarism in which the nation is now plunged."
Mouhot, like other early Western visitors, found it difficult to believe that the Khmers could have built the temple, and mistakenly dated it to around the same era as Rome. The true history of Angkor Wat was pieced together only from stylistic and epigraphic evidence accumulated during the subsequent clearing and restoration work carried out across the whole Angkor site.
There were no ordinary dwellings or houses or other signs of settlement including cooking utensils, weapons, or items of clothing usually found at ancient sites. Instead there is the evidence of the monuments themselves.
Angkor Wat required considerable restoration in the 20th century, mainly the removal of accumulated earth and vegetation. Work was interrupted by the civil war and Khmer Rouge control of the country during the 1970s and 1980s, but relatively little damage was done during this period other than the theft and destruction of mostly post-Angkorian statues.
The temple is a powerful symbol of Cambodia, and is a source of great national pride that has factored into Cambodia's diplomatic relations with its neighbour Thailand, France and the United States. A depiction of Angkor Wat has been a part of Cambodian national flags since the introduction of the first version circa 1863.
The splendid artistic legacy of Angkor Wat and other Khmer monuments in the Angkor region led directly to France adopting Cambodia as a protectorate on August 11, 1863. This quickly led to Cambodia reclaiming lands in the northwestern corner of the country that had been under Thai control since the Thai invasion of 1431 AD. Cambodia gained independence from France on 9 November 1953 and has controlled Angkor Wat since that time.
During the midst of the Vietnam War, Chief of State Norodom Sihanouk hosted Jacqueline Kennedy in Cambodia to fulfill her "lifelong dream of seeing Angkor Wat."
In January 2003 riots erupted in Phnom Penh when a false rumour circulated that a Thai soap opera actress had claimed that Angkor Wat belonged to Thailand

SPECIAL PACKAGES

ANGKOR HIGHLIGHTS
Tour Code:CTC-001
Destination: Angkor Thom (South Gate, Bayon, Baphuon) - Angkor Wat - sunrise in Angkor Wat - Banteay Kdei - Ta Prohm - Preah Khan - Neak Pean - Ta Som - Eastern Mebon - Pre Rup - Tonle Sap Lake Flooded Forest - Floating Village - Artisans d'Angkor
Duration: 3 days, 2 nights
This tour covers the absolute "must see" highlights of Angkor on the "small" and "grand" circuit, including a boat trip on Tonle Sap Lake. If you don't have more time, this is certainly the best choise. Sunrise in Angkor Wat. Balloon ride (optional). Transportation by REMORK gives this tour more atmosphere (and keeps the prices down).
ANGKOR DISCOVERY
Tour Code:CTC-002
Destination: Angkor Thom (Bayon, Baphuon) - Angkor Wat - sunrise - Banteay Kdei - Ta Prohm - Preah Khan - Neak Pean - Ta Som - Eastern Mebon - Pre Rup - Banteay Srei - Kobal Spean (River of Thousand Lingams) - Tonle Sap Lake Flooded Forest - Floating village.
Duration: 4 days, 3 nights
This is our basic tour including the most important temples in Angkor and the Tonle Sap Lake.
Battambang City & Country side Tour
Tour Code:BCT-1
Destination: Battambang Historical Museum - Preah Bat Dambang Kranhoung (Kra Nhoung Stick King) - Cambodian Noodle, bamboo sticky rice - Phsar Prohok (Fish Paste) - Cambodian Rice Wine - The rice paper village - Wat Samrung Khnong - Wat Ek Phnom temple.
Duration: Half Day Tour (Morning: 8:30am - 12:30 noon and Afternoon: 14:30 - 18:30)
Battambang located in northwestern of Cambodia, the second most popular city in the country after Phnom Penh. The provincial capital has always been a popular destination to visit such as Battambang Historical Museum - Preah Bat Dambang Kra Nhoung (Kra Nhoung Stick King) continue to meet the villagers who make traditional products such as rice paper, bamboo sticky rice, fish paste and rice wine. Visit a memorial site for the victims of the Khmer Rouge in Samroung Khnong pagoda and finish by visiting Wat Ek Phnom temple.
Battambang Bamboo Train
Tour Code:BTB 01
Destination: Ancient House - Bamboo Train ride - Phnom Banan Temple - Sampeou Mountain
Duration: one day tour: 8:30 - 18:30
This one day tour is not included the accommodation, visit, in the morning, some old house along river Steung Sangke prior to Wat Phnom Banan temple - New Bamboo train (now available at Phnom Banan). Afternoon visit Phnom Sampeu ...... , the best spot when the bats fly out of the caves at around 6pm.
ANGKOR EXPLORER
Tour Code:CTC-003
Destination: Roluos Group (Lolei, Preah Ko and Bakong temples) - Angkor Thom - Angkor Wat - sunrise - Banteay Kdei - Ta Prohm - Preah Khan - Neak Pean - Ta Som - Eastern Mebon - Pre Rup - Banteay Srei - Kobal Spean (River of Thousand Lingams) - Tonle Sap Lake Flooded Forest - Floating Village - Koh Ker - Beng Mealea
Duration: 5 days / 4 nights
This is a great deal when you really want to go deeper to Angkor's civilization: In addition to our basic program "Angkor Discovery", you also explore the greater Angkor region! We highly recommend this tour as it gives you the complete overview of the Angkorian landscape, including temple areas that have just recently been opened for tourists!
PHNOM PENH - SIEM REAP-ROUND TRIP
Tour Code:CTCPS-001
Destination: Phnom Penh to Siem Reap - return trip
Duration: 2 DAYS 1 Night
Depart from Capitol Tours Office by air-conditioned bus (45 seats) at 6:30AM from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap join with other passengers without tour guide, tour guide and driver are waiting for you at Capitol Bus station in Siem Reap. Arrive Siem Reap 13:30, transfer to the hotel or guesthouse. Visit South gate of Angkor Thom - Bayon - the Elephant terrace & the terrace of leper king - Taprom temples - Angkor Wat.Take the bus from Siem Reap going back to Phnom Penh (the departure time can be chosen). Finish tour at Capitol Tour Office in Phnom Penh.
COUNTRY SIDE TOUR
Tour Code:CTC C:01
Destination: Ox cart riding - rice fields - village life – Mechrey Floating Village, on Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia.
Duration: Duration: 4 hours
This is the perfect extension of your Angkor experience. Come with us to the countryside, where life seems to have stood still since Angkorian times.
CLASSICAL CAMBODIA TOUR
Tour Code:CTC-004
Destination: Angkor Temples with Banteay Srei - Overland trip - Phnom Penh
Duration: 6 days, 5 nights
All highlights of Cambodia in one tour: Angkor Temples, Tonle Sap Lake, overland tour to Phnom Penh, discovery of the capital with many special extras. --- Angkor Thom (South Gate, Bayon, Baphuon), Angkor Wat, sunrise in Angkor Wat, Srah Srang, Banteay Kdei, Ta Prohm, Preah Khan, Neak Pean, Ta Som, Eastern Mebon, Pre Rup, Banteay Srei, Banteay Samre. Tonle Sap Lake with boat trip to floating village. Apsara dance show with dinner buffet. Overland trip from Siem Reap to Phnom Penh. Wat Phnom, National Museum, Royal Palace, Silver Pagoda, Tuol Sleng Museum, sunset cruise on Mekong river. Tour starts in Siem Reap and ends in Phnom Penh.
PHNOM PENH-SIEM REAP
Tour Code:CTCPS-002
Destination: Phnom Penh to Siem Reap - return trip
Duration: 3 days 2 nights
Depart from Capitol Tour Office by air-conditioned bus at 7:30AM/8:30AM/10:15AM/12:00noon/1:30PM/2:30PM from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap. Arrival at 13:30/14:30/16:15/18:00/19:30/20:30.Transfer to the hotel or guesthouse. Visit the South gate of Angkor Thom, Bayon, Baphoun, Phimeanakas, The Elephant of terrace & Leper king terrace,Tapromh temples. Visit the Angkor Wat and the handicraft producing shop.Take the bus back to Phnom Penh (the departure time can be chosen). Finish tour at Capitol Tour Office in Phnom Penh.
PHNOM PENH-SIEM REAP
Tour Code:CTCPS-003
Destination: Phnom Penh to Siem Reap - return trip
Duration: 4 Days 3 Nights
Depart from Capitol Tour Office by A/C bus from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap.Transfer to the hotel or guesthouse. Visit Basei Cham Krong - South gate of Angkor Thom - Bayon - Baphoun - Phimeanakas - the Elephant terrace & Leper king terrace.Visit the Angkor Wat and the handicraft producing shop.Visit Kravan - Banteay Kdei and Sra Srong - Taphrom - Takeo -Thommanon and Chao Say Teveda temples.Visit Preah Khan - Neak Pean - Tasom - East Mebon and Prerup.Take the bus back going back to Phnom Penh (the Departure time can be chosen). Finish tour at Capitol Tour Office in Phnom Penh.
BIRD SANCTUARY "PREK TOAL"
Tour Code:CTC-PT-01
Destination: Prek Toal - flooded forest - Back to hotel
Duration: 1 day
Feel like in a Hitch cock's Movie - in the Birdwatcher`s Paradise! Your visit of Siem Reap /Angkor would be incomplete without visiting the greatest fresh water reservoir with the highest biodiversity in the world! Enjoy a environmental discovery with small boats to see thousands of birds in the flooded forest of Tonle Sap Lake.
WORLD HERITAGE PREAH VIHEAR
Tour Code:CTC-PV-01
Destination: Preah Vihear Temple
Duration: 1 day
Don't miss to see Cambodia's second UNESCO world heritage: the magnificent mountain temple of Preah Vihear, spectacularly placed in the Dangrek mountains close to the Thai border.
KAMPONG PHLUK
Tour Code:CTC-KP-01
Destination: Floating Village Kampong Phluk
Duration: Half day Tour (Morning: 8:30am - 13:00 and Afternoon: 14:00 - 18:30)
Kompong Phluk is a commune and village in Siem Reap Province in northern-central Cambodia. It is a floating village on the Tonle Sap. The village has a school and monastery, where prayers were taking place.
Angkor Sunrise
Tour Code:CTC AK01
Destination: Angkor Wat - South Gate of Angkor Thom - Bayon - Ta Prohm
Duration: Half day Tour 5:00 am - 13:00
Enjoy the fantastic sunrise in Angkor Wat continue to visit Angkor Thom (The south gate of Angkor Thom - Bayon Temple - Elephant terrace & Leper king terrace) and Ta Phrom temple.
TEMPLE TOWERS IN THE RAINFOREST
Tour Code:CTC-SPK-01
Destination: Sambor Prei Kuk Temples
Duration: 1 day
Sambor Prei Kuk is an archaeological site in Cambodia located in Kampong Thom Province, 30 km north of Kampong Thom, the provincial capital, 176 km east of Angkor and 206 km north of Phnom Penh. Designated as world heritage site: 2017 (41st session)
ROLUOS-WHERE ANGKOR WAS BORN
Tour Code:CTC-Roluos-01
Destination: Lolei - Preah Ko - Bakong - Prasat Prei Monti
Duration: 4 hours
Discover the Roluos Group, where the first temple mountain in Angkor region was built: the Bakong temple. Enjoy your discovery by REMORK.
KOH KER AND BENG MEALEA
Tour Code:CTC-KKBM-01
Destination: Koh Ker, Beng Meala
Duration: 1 day
Precious temple areas far away from the tourist flows! Fell like the first exporers! The ancient capital Koh Ker with its fantastic temple pyramid and Beng Mealea, still overgrown by jungle, have just been opened for tourists!
SIEM REAP/ANGKOR WAT TEMPLES
Tour Code:CTCSR-001
Destination: Angkor National museum - Wood and Stone Carving Center - the Old Market - central Market - Killing Field - South Gate of the Angkor Thom - Central Angkor Thom (Bayon - Baphoun - Terrace of Elephant - Terrace of Leperking) - Chau Say Tevoda - Takoa - Ta Prom, Banteay Kdey - Srah Srang, Prasat Kravan and the World Heritage Angkor Wat - sunrise at Angkor Wat - grand circut (Preah Khan, Neak Pean -Tasom - East Mebon - Pre Rup) - sunset at Bakheng mountain - Banteay Srey - Banteay Samré - Rolous Group (Bakong - Preah Ko - and Lo Lei) - Tonle Sap lake (Floating Village)
Duration: 5 Days, 4 nights
This tour covers the absolute "must-see highlights" of Angkor complex on the "small" and "grand" circuits, Banteay Srei temple, Roluos group including a boat trip on Tonle Sap Lake.This is certainly the best choice. Sunrise in Angkor Wat. Balloon ride (optional). Transportation by REMORK gives this tour a local friendly, atmospheric experience (and with lower prices comparing with car).
DAILY TOUR TO ANKOR TEMPLES 1
Tour Code:CTC-D1
Destination: Angkor Thom - Ta Prohm - Angkor Wat - Phnom Bakheng
Duration: 1 Day
Tour will start at 8:30am - 18:30 visit Angkor Thom (South Gate, Bayon, Baphuon) - Ta Prohm - Angkor Wat included sunset at Phnom Bakheng.
DAILY TOUR TO ANGKOR TEMPLES 2
Tour Code:CTC-D2
Destination: Banteay Srey - Grand Tour
Duration: 1 Day
Banteay Srey - Grand Tour (Pre Rup - East Mebon - Ta Som - Neak Pean - Preah Khan)
CHONG KHNEAS OF FLOATING VILLAGE 3
Tour Code:CTC - D3
Destination: Wat Thmey - Artisans'School - Northern Tonle Sap Lake - Chong Kneas village
Duration: Half Day
Wat Thmey - Artisans'School - Tonle Sap Lake - Chong Kneas village (visiting the greatest freshwater reservoir with the highest biodiversity in the world. Enjoy a beautiful boat trip on the Tonle Sap Lake and learn all about the floating villages, fishing techniques and traditional life with and on the water ...)
BANTEAY CHHMAR
Tour Code:CTC-BC-01
Destination: Siem Reap - Banteay Chhmar
Duration: 1 day
Feel like the first explorers and see face towers in the forest, reliefs of thousand armend Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara and be one of the only guests to visit this "lost temple city". A unique experience!
PHNOM PENH - SIEM REAP - PHNOM PENH
Tour Code:CPTC PSP001
Destination: Phnom Penh city tour:Wat Phnom - National Museum - Royal Palace & Silver Pagoda - Tuol Sleng Museum - sunset cruise on Mekong river). Tonle Sap Lake - Angkor Temples: Angkor Thom (South gate of Angkor Thom, Bapuon temple) - Taphrom - Banteay Srei - Angkor Wat temple.
Duration: 5days 4nights
Phnom Penh city tour (Wat Phnom, National Museum, Royal Palace, Silver Pagoda, Tuol Sleng Museum, sunset cruise on Mekong river) - Overland trip from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap. Angkor Temples, Tonle Sap Lake, Angkor Thom (South gate of Angkor Thom - Bapuon temple) - Taphrom - Banteay Srei - Angkor Wat - overland trip from Siem Reap to Phnom Peng.Finish tour at Phnom Penh airport.
PHNOM PENH CITY TOUR
Tour Code:CPTCT001
Destination: Choeung Ek (Killing Field) - Tuol Tom Poung Market (Russian Market) - Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum - National Museum - Royal Palace - What Phnom, Independent Monument.
Duration: 1 DAY (every day 8:30am - 5pm)
* Morning: visit Choeung Ek (Killing Field) -Tuol Tom Poung Market (Russian Market) and Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum. * Afternoon: visit National Museum - Royal Palace, What Phnom and Independent Monument.
SIEM REAP ANGKOR WAT
Tour Code:CTCSR-002
Destination: Small Tour (Angkor Thom – Bayon – Ta Prohm – Angkor Wat – Bakheng) - Tonle Sap Lake
Duration: 2 days 1 night
This tour covers the absolute "must see" highlights of Angkor on the "small" circuit and including a boat trip on Tonle Sap Lake visit floating village of Chong Kneas and visit the fish farm and the crocodile farm. Balloon ride (optional). Transportation by REMORK gives this tour more atmospheres (and keeps the prices down).
SIEM REAP-BATTAMBANG
Tour Code:SB1
Destination: SIEM REAP-BATTAMBANG by Capitol Tours air-conditioned sharing bus
Duration: 2 days 1 night
Visit Banan – Phnom Sampeuv Mountain – Bamboo train ride – Ancient house.
SAMBOR PREIKUK
Tour Code:CTCSB-02
Destination: Sambor Preikuk temple
Duration: 2 days 1 night
The pre-Angkorian temple complex of Sambor Prei Kuk is located about 30 kilometers to the north of the town of Kampong Thom, Cambodia. It was also known as Isanapura, and was the capital of the Chenla Kingdom